Male infertility refers to a male’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. In humans it accounts for 40–50% of infertility. It affects approximately 7% of all men. Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality.
The diagnosis of infertility begins with a medical history and physical exam via blood test to look for hormone imbalance medical condition or genetic tissues
Physical examination, semen sample examination tells about oligospermia , aspermia, hypothermia, azoospermia.
Treatment varies according to the condition. Testicular based male infertility tends to be resistant to medication. Procedures like intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI) are considered. In many cases surgery can treat infertility and ejaculatory factors may be treatable by medication or IUI therapy.