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ICSI Treatment

ICSI Treatment

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ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection is one of the forms of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that is used to treat the infertility problems that arise due to defect in the sperm. To be specific, the fertilization that occurs through IVF is enhanced with the help of intracytoplasmic sperm injection. After completion of the process of fertilization, the egg is then placed in the uterus. At Manjunath C S Fertility Hospitals, the best laboratory experts and Doctor see to it that every ICSI ends in success.

Why is ICSI done?

ICSI is done if the sperm concentration or motility are low or if poor fertilisation had been achieved previously in IVF. Even if the problem that you are facing is not related to the quantity or quality of sperm, then to ICSI can be employed.

If you are trying to see whether the embryo has any genetic problems, ICSI can be used to do that. For each egg, only one sperm is used. So the main problem that happens with genetic tests, that is contamination, has no chances with ICSI.

How is ICSI done?

  • Sperm Collection The sperm is collected through masturbation in general, but in males with azoospermia of obstructive azoospermia type- surgical extraction of sperm is done through two ways: PESA- semen is taken directly from the epididymis. Such a collection is called percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration. TESE-the testicular tissue itself, instead of the sperm produced can be investigated. Then, the collecting method is called testicular sperm extraction.
  • Ovulation and egg retrieval For about two weeks, you will be given shots of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on a daily basis. This stimulates your ovaries and they start producing multiple eggs – a process which is known as superovulation. After about a week, when the doctor finds that your follicles are maturing, your dosage will be changed. After the follicles develop fully, a shot of hCG is given to facilitate the maturing of the follicles. After about 34 to 36 hours, the mature eggs are collected by laparoscopy
  • Sperm Injection and Transfer Injecting a single sperm into a mature egg to allow fertilization and are cultured in the lab for two to three days, then they are placed in the uterus using catheters that are specialized for placing embryos in the uterus.