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Female Infertility

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Female infertility is the inability to get pregnant even after unprotected intercourse for more than 2 years. The causes can be PCOS, PCOD, irregular menstrual cycle, fibroids or polyps in the uterus, hormonal imbalance, and sometimes genetic disorders. Female with more than age of 35 become infertile due to loss of eggs. Other causes are pelvis inflammatory disease, pelvic tuberculosis, endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, hypothalamic dysfunction, cervical stenosis, and some causes are even unexplained.

For detection, the doctor advise the patient to get ultrasonography done and some blood tests like LH, FSH, AMH.

Patients are advised of IVF treatment if they are unable to conceive naturally due to e to the above-mentioned causes. They are advised to go under medications, take cycles of IUI first. If still, nothing goes well then IVF is considered.

Folliculometry

Folliculometry is an ultrasound series specifically designed for women who are trying to get pregnant. This test determines the growth of eggs (follicles) in the ovaries and assesses the steps necessary to prepare for your pregnancy.

Tube test (HSG)

Hysterosalpingography, or HSG, is an X-ray examination that indicates whether the fallopian tubes are blocked by the internal form of the uterus. In HSG, the vagina and cervix are threaded through a thin tube. In the uterus, a substance known as contrast material is injected.

Laparoscopy

The surgical diagnostic technique used to analyse the organs within the abdomen is laparoscopy, also known as diagnostic laparoscopy. It’s a minimally invasive, low-risk procedure that only involves minor incisions. To look at the abdominal organs, laparoscopy utilizes an instrument called a laparoscope.

Hysteroscopy

To diagnose and treat the causes of abnormal bleeding, hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus. A hysteroscopy, a small, illuminated tube that is inserted into the vagina to view the cervix and inside the uterus, is used for hysteroscopy.

Treatment of endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows out of it.

Treatment for endometriosis usually involves medication or surgery. The approach you and your doctor choose will depend on how severe your signs and symptoms are and whether you hope to become pregnant.

Doctors typically recommend trying conservative treatment approaches first, opting for surgery if initial treatment fails.

Treatment of uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are frequently found incidentally during a routine pelvic exam. Your doctor may feel irregularities in the shape of your uterus, suggesting the presence of fibroids.

There’s no single best approach to uterine fibroid treatment — many treatment options exist. If you have symptoms, talk with your doctor about options for symptom relief. It involves medications, surgical removal, or uterine artery embolization.

Treatment of recurrent miscarriages

Recurrent miscarriages are postimplantation failures in natural conception; they are also termed as habitual abortions or recurrent pregnancy losses.

Surgery can fix some problems in the uterus (womb), like extra tissue that divides the uterus (septum), some fibroids (benign tumors), or scar tissue. Correcting the shape of the inside of the uterus can often lower the chance for miscarriage.

Treatment of Multiple IVF failures

One of the most common reasons as to why an IVF cycle fails is due to the quality of the embryo. Many embryos are unable to implant after transfer to the uterus as they are defective. Embryos that look healthy in a lab may have defects that cause them to die rather than grow.